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Wednesday, 24 October 2012 16:48

Solid Waste Management in Colombia

Written by  Magda Carolina Correal Sarmiento

Relevant Legislation

The solid waste management regulation in Colombia dates from 1974 and 1979 when the Law 2811 and Law 9 (National Sanitary Code) were issued.

In 1994, the Law 142 defined the institutional framework for promoting private involvement in utility supply, including solid waste management, in a free market competition and tariff systems for recovering the provision costs but including a cross subsidy system that recognizes the differences in the population’s payment capacity.

Institutional framework created by Law 142 allocated: i) to the current Ministries of Environment and Sustainable Development and Housing, City and Territory the policy development, ii) to the Regulation Commission of Water Supply and Sanitation the competition promotion, monopolies regulation and tariff methodologies preparation, iii) to the Utility Superintendent the enforcement and control of utility sector, iv) to municipalities administrations the utility provision guarantee, v) the utility companies the service provision and vi) to the users, the right to get the service, to be citizen overseers and the utility payment obligation.

Solid waste management service has been regulated in 1996 (Decree 605) and in 2002 (Decree 1713), the last decree has the purpose of integrating the utility service conception with an environmental management focus. Afterward, some new decrees have modified the Decree 1713 (e.g. Decree 838 regulated final disposal planning, construction and operation and Resolution 1045 ordered illegal dumpsites closing).

Reward is based on a tariff system, where the Regulation Commission establishes the price cap for each service component (e.g. Resolutions 351 and 352), utility companies establish the tariffs and Superintendent controls that tariffs do not exceed the price cap.

Waste Generation

Ordinary solid waste generation is around 32.000 ton a day with a growing rate between 4% and 8%.colomb01


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