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Wednesday, 24 October 2012 16:48

Solid Waste Management in Colombia

Written by  Magda Carolina Correal Sarmiento

 Solid Waste Management Planning

The Ministry of Environment was established in 1993 after the issuing of the new Constitution in 1991 and environmental policies and regulation became in progress. In 1998, the policy for a comprehensive solid waste management was adopted, which includes two main relevant components, the government’s responsibility for improving the solid waste management and the private sector’s responsibility for implementing cleaner production processes. In the policy, solid waste management was conceived under four pillars: solid waste prevention, recycling, treatment and final disposal. On the other hand, it set up life cycle analysis as the fundamental tool to the cleaner production action plans design.

Regulation (Decree 1713) delivered as a result of the policy implementation, forced each municipality to design and carry out a solid waste management plan for a short, medium and long term. Nowadays, most of the plans have been prepared but only a few have been implemented.

Later, in 2008 the National Council for Economic and Social Policies launched the CONPES 3530, with the purpose of strengthen a comprehensive solid waste management as a utility service through regulation development, local solid waste administrator guidance, regional final disposal strategies and feasible recycling systems implementation.

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